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Proposed Biodiversity Park for Pune
Joint Forest Management Project
BOT Projects (Under Consideration)
Future BOT Projects
Proposed Biodiversity Park for Pune
Pune is rapidly expanding into an overcrowded, over busy, over polluted megacity. The lots of open green residential spaces has taken its toll of the city in the last few years. The need for earmarking whatever is left as open space has become increasingly urgent. The sick polluted city has few large lungs of green cover left to preserve its environmental health. The future citizens of Pune will thus find life even more unlivable that it is today. Industry, IT, and other new avenues of income generation will continue to attract people from elsewhere like a magnet to Pune. Thus the current development strategy has to be made more sustainable and meaningful in the longer term. A major concern for a sustainable future is the relevance of green spaces.

It is not only green spaces in the form of plantation of trees or gardens but the need to focus attention on a plantation strategy that support urban biodiversity. While Pune now has some 75 gardens and small parks there no large spaces other than reserve forest with relatively natural vegetation which are vital to the maintenance of heterogeneous green cover that is natural to the Pune region which can support all the natural biological diversity of birds, reptiles, amphibia, insect life that constitutes a natural web-of-life. This strategy of developing a large biodiversity park with a wide range of species in different ecosystems appears to be a major answer towards a better future. A green lung and carbon sink could from an important asset to the emerging megacity of Pune.

About 200 hector land owned by State Government and reserved for the purpose of Biodiversity Park is taken for the development of Biodiversity Park in the first phase. This land is located near the Baner, Pashan and Sutarwadi, which runs along a range of hills. With rapidly growing housing zones on its edges. On the other side of proposed Biodiversity Park lies the Pashan lake and a view of hill ranges that lie beyond the Pune-Banglore by pass. The crest line has variable flat or dome shaped topography much of which is formed by rocky, strata with a small layer of soil.

Implementation strategy

     •  Construction Compound wall for the protection
     •  Soil and moisture conservation work should be carried out through out the area.
     •  Interplanting of Glyricidia using local species.
     •  Planting in degraded areas.
     •  Developing Interpretation Center.
     •  Planning pathways and core areas without esthetically destroying naturalness.
     •  Creating protection by involving surrounding residents.
     •  Monitoring the biodiversity profile and assessing changing trends in species diversity of indicator species.
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Joint Forest Management Project
Urban population growth in recent decades has increased by 47%. With the increase in population, the needs of human beings have increased drastically leading to heavy industrialization, luxury needs like vehicle, transports, air-condition, refrigerators, etc. To balance this we need to concentrate on the conservation, protection and expansion of the forests in the cities.

Urban forest lands are considered to be the lungs of the cities as they act as sink for some of the harmful gases released by the vehicles and industries operating in the city area. Whether sprawling over a large area or small belt, these forest lands are found in all cities and play a very important role.

Forest are the store houses of biological diversity, home to two thirds of all plants and animals. They supply many of our most basic needs like shelter, food, clean water, oxygen and medicines.

The Pune city limits has around 1500 hectors of forest land and region has approximately 4000 hectors of forest land. Most of these areas are under explored to its potential. Small groups of Nature Lovers and health conscious citizens are contributing a lot in maintaining of these forest lands. Large spread forestland, which falls in almost middle of high density residential areas, has potential, which most be explored.

Forest Department with their limited resources is not able to maintain these forest lands, which led to many problems. A lack of proper protection will not check the threat of encroachment, fire wood cutting and garbage dumping. Lack of well defined access/approaches will lead to the degradation, which will result into land and vegetation erosion. Forest lands in the Pune city consist of large areas of the hilltops. Joint Forest Management Project, where PMC and Forest Development with the participation of local stake holders is approved and in the first phase forest area at Bhamburda, Warje and Pachgaon Parvati will be taken for the development. The work at Bhamburda and Pachgaon Parvati is already started. The development of forest land will be helpful to the Urban area by

     •  Ground water recharge
     •  Soil conservation
     •  Biodiversity conservation
     •  Regulation in climate
     •  Carbon sequestering (Pollution Control)

PMC has planned to contribute Rs. 1 Cr. for the various developmental work on the forest land at Bhamburda and Rs. 50 lakh for Warje. Proposed activities under this projects are the construction of boundary wall for the protection, soil and water conservation structures, creation of water bodies restricted entry areas for the public plantation of the suitable species of the plants, water supply. There will be a joint forest management committee for the execution of this project.
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BOT Projects (Under Consideration)
     •  Redevelopment of Municipal colonies
     •  Construction and maintenance of Public Toilets
     •  Energy Generation from solid waste and sewage treatment.
     •  Setting up Trauma Center and Hospital
Future BOT Projects
     •  Mass rapid transit system
     •  Development of commercial complexes on PMC’s land
     •  Development of parking lots, Gardens, swimming pools and Play Grounds.
     •  Semi High and High masts at Chowks.
     •  Construction of Primary Health Centres, Hospitals, Schools and Cultural Centres.
     •  Development of Fly overs, Subways, Railway over bridges.
     •  Beautification of existing roads, bridges, Fly overs, FOBs, ROBs.
     •  Providing incubators for software industry
     •  Upgradation and Maintenance of sewage treatment plants.
     •  Beautification of Nallas, lakes and river banks.
     •  Setting up Bus stops, street Furniture, dustbins and trash cans.
     •  Setting up Panpoi or water distribution centre
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